Download The Artist the Philosopher Reader Ñ Da Vinci Machiavelli

Doc The Artist the Philosopher

Download The Artist the Philosopher Reader Ñ Da Vinci Machiavelli á [Reading] ➻ The Artist, the Philosopher, and the Warrior: Da Vinci, Machiavelli, and Borgia and the World They Shaped By Paul Strathern – Eyltransferservices.co.uk Leonardo da Vinci Niccol Machiavelli and Cesare Borgiathree iconic fiLeonardo da Vinci Niccol Machiavelli and Cesare Borgiathree iconic figures whose intersecting lives provide the basis for this astonishing work of narrative history They could not have beendifferent and they would meet only for a short time in 1502 but the events that transpired when they did would significantly alter each mans perceptionsand the course of Western history In 1502 Italy was riven by conflict with the city of Florence as the ultimate prize Machiavelli the consummate political manipulator attempted to placate the savage Borgia by volunteering Leonardo to be Borgias chief military engineer That autumn the three men embarked together on a brief perilous and fateful journey through the mountains remote villages and hill towns of the Italian Romagnathe details of which were revealed in Machiavellisfreuent dispatches and Leonardos meticulous notebooks Superbly written and thoroughly researched The Artist the Philosopher and the Warrior is a work of narrative geniuswhose subject is the nature of genius itself Paul Strathern provides a highly readable entertaining and page turning account as he tries to interlace into a single coherent narrative the ideas of conseuence and the conseuence of ideas Ideas are the incubators of history It is the collision of ideas with individual actors that creates both the continuity and the ruptures in the unfolding of history The author traces the primary actors the new ideas and antecedent causals in this uniue tripartite biography and historical narrative The author points to that ‘something that was in the air’ of what we call the Renaissance Some readers may find that there is some repetition when the same events are told and retold from the viewpoints of the three protagonists but if read correctly there is no repetition just a chance to view the same historical events for three different perspectives This helps the reader to realize that never is there a single correct story to tell when it comes to the process events and unfolding of history as well as the recording of historical eventsIn assembling this tripartite biographical story about this key period known to us as the Renaissance the author speculates as to the many possible might have been may well have been had to have been need to have been would certainly have to be may even have must have taken place meetings and conversations between Da Vinci Machiavelli and Borgia Much of the nexus between the Renaissance Big Three was tangential and fleeting as they crisscrossed the realms of time place events and ideas still at other times the connections were deep and shaped the very contours of this enigmatic period with all its high culture and low barbarism The author embarks upon a tripartite inferential journey that necessarily strays further from the known and knowable facts the further he proceeds But how much of a problem is it to stray from these so called known facts? To what extent should one or a few out of place facts bother the reader?These things we are content to call the facts are rather opaue and uite peculiar when examined closely History is not easily reducible to this ‘atomic structure’ of nothing but facts and the void Some readers seem to believe the facts are simple things that must correspond with observations from experience that is what is only contingently the case That is an appeal to the concept of facts is an appeal to the concept of truth which is often contingent and not necessary as well as to objectivity which does not exist Facts and values are symbolic representations contextual to awareness Objectively is a faith based fantasy to see it otherwise is to exhibit an evasive sense of awareness and over attachment to structure and order All facts are relative and dependent on subjectivity A fact can only be a fact relative to a context and every context has its subjective boundaries There are no objective facts In fact 'objective' does not exist All knowledge is contextual and a fact cannot be featured without context Facts are subjective because they are only perceived as such by a subjective awareness David Hume famously stated there are relations of ideas and matters of fact Granted this is a bit of an oversimplification but it serves to illustrate what is going on in this book The ideas are the context for the facts Paul Strathern’s seeks to guide the reader beyond the mere matters fact to the relations of people and ideas No doubt when it comes to writing history matters of fact and correspondence are part of the inventory of the things we expect to find but too often forgotten so are highly nuisanced relations among subtle ideas from which springs ideology The author seeks to weave together the complex opaue obscure and at times obfuscated relationship between three overlapping giants that in large measure drove the Renaissance as we have come to understand it That which we call the Renaissance was much than series of events and facts it was the coming together and admixture of ideas classical barbaric medieval artistic and scientific in the convulsion that gave birth to what we are very pleased to call modernity This often perhaps too often reuires inference from the known ostensible matters of fact to gain insight into the arcane relationship of ideas driving the observable facts of experience Though I do not agree with every inference the author makes about driving forces inner thoughts and causal antecedents in most cases I fund them to be reasonable and plausible based on the known matters of factOh yes the mosuitoAs if human existence was not contingent and capricious enough imagine this a mosuito uite probably changed the course of human history So much for free will or will the free will fanatics now insist upon the free will of the mosuito? Perhaps we should just give it up and chalk this one up to those deterministic casual antecedents the engine that propels history forward with us conscious humans only along for the ride as observes Otherwise we must hold the mosuito accountable for its act of free will Free will is just the stuff of appearances that we impose upon events; a reactionary response based on abstractions from apparent events and the subjective assertions of feelings about observed appearances We are too easily fooled into thinking we are driving events because we are aware of events We are too willing to mistake awareness for agency and experience for control; awareness of ourselves in a world which pushes us down and drives us on Awareness is always after the event but is mistaken for agency prior to the event Thoughts feelings and the will are reactive are responsive not causal In any case Paul Strathern relates for us the vineyard diner party held on the hillside of Monte Mario on August 5 1503 hosted by Cardinal Adriano Castellesi for Alexander VI and Cesar Borgia Though poison is a plausible explanation it is much likely that all three were bitten by malaria infected mosuitos At this time the Borgias were on their way to christening a new era in Italy on their way to bringing Italy under a single government consolidating local political authority and converting the papacy into a secular authority as well as making it a Borgia heredity office Basically they were on the verge of creating the Italian state It is of course counterfactual speculation not meant to imply the agency of free will but still how much different would have western European history turned out if presented with a unified progressive and powerful Italian state at the beginning of the 16th century rather than the vacillating irresolute state at the end of the 19th century?

Paul Strathern ç and the Warrior Doc

Leonardo da Vinci Niccol Machiavelli and Cesare Borgiathree iconic figures whose intersecting lives provide the basis for this astonishing work of narrative history They could not have beendifferent and they would meet only for a short time in 1502 but the events that transpired when they did would significantly alter each mans perceptionsand the course of Western history In 1502 Italy was riven by conflict with the city of Florence as the ultimate prize Machiavelli the consummate political manipulator attempted to placate the savage Borgia by volunteering Leonardo to be Borgias chief military engineer That autumn the three men embarked together on a brief perilous and fateful journey through the mountains remote villages and hill towns of the Italian Romagnathe details of which were revealed in Machiavellisfreuent dispatches and Leonardos meticulous notebooks Superbly written and thoroughly researched The Artist the Philosopher and the Warrior is a work of narrative geniuswhose subject is the nature of genius itself The book is well written covering a critical period at the beginning of the Renaissance The 16th Century including the late 15th may be the most amazing period of time in western civilization Read this to see how three remarkable men interacted to drive history in three uniuely different by but complementary ways DiVinci the restless genius and first renaissance man Machiavelli a burgeoning statesman who created the first scientific analysis of politics and Cesare Borgia the son of a pope and the leading military figure of this volatile and fascinating age of change

Ebook Þ the Philosopher ç Paul Strathern

The Artist the Philosopher and the Warrior Da Vinci Machiavelli and Borgia and the World They ShapedLeonardo da Vinci Niccol Machiavelli and Cesare Borgiathree iconic figures whose intersecting lives provide the basis for this astonishing work of narrative history They could not have beendifferent and they would meet only for a short time in 1502 but the events that transpired when they did would significantly alter each mans perceptionsand the course of Western history In 1502 Italy was riven by conflict with the city of Florence as the ultimate prize Machiavelli the consummate political manipulator attempted to placate the savage Borgia by volunteering Leonardo to be Borgias chief military engineer That autumn the three men embarked together on a brief perilous and fateful journey through the mountains remote villages and hill towns of the Italian Romagnathe details of which were revealed in Machiavellisfreuent dispatches and Leonardos meticulous notebooks Superbly written and thoroughly researched The Artist the Philosopher and the Warrior is a work of narrative geniuswhose subject is the nature of genius itself Fantastic book Really feels as if there covering the lives of three of the most important figures of the timeI feel educated and entertained Cannot recommend this enough