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kindle ë Baptism Three Views Ò Three Views read È join or create book clubs ☆ ❰Download❯ ➽ Baptism: Three Views Author Join or create book clubs – The Christian church confesses one baptism But the church's answers to how whom anBook raises critical issues challenges preconceptions and discloses the soft points in each view Evangelicals who wish to understand better their own church's practice or that of their neighbor or who perhaps are uncertain of their own views will value this incisive book The View by Anthony Lane is the truth I have studied this subject for over 40 years and just before I read him I had myself by God's grace come to see that neither the baptist nor the paedo baptist position is something to hold on to as orthodox for both the credo Baptists and the paedobaptists wrongly exclude the others precisely because there is not enough dogmatic scripture on either side and because both campsmake too much out of baptism see 1 Cor 117 21 esp 121 where we find out that faith in Christ alone saves though the baptism of former heathens and their households immediately upon conversion is the normal apostolic practice Calvin scholar Lane shows the weaknesses involved in Ferguson's arguments and Ware's also from the Scriptures firstly and mainly and then church history secondarily The NT scriptures never say that baptism is a seal The Spirit of God is our only seal 1 Cor 122; Eph 1 The bottom line is that although NT household baptism leans toward infant baptism of those later born into believers' households it is not sin to wait until they believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and are saved and then be immediately baptized in God's name I would thatevery pastor and elder would read this book and submit to Scripture over their tradition's confession of faith whatever it isE Roessing author of The Grace of Christ

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The others and then provide a summary response and statement Sinclair Ferguson sets out the case for infant baptism Bruce Ware presents the case for believers' baptism and Anthony Lane argues for a mixed practice As with any good conversation on a controversial topic this I love the layout of this book because it's set up like a dialogue Three people with differing views on baptism dual view paedobaptism view believer's baptism view take turns saying there main argument After person A is done person B and C get to argue against person A's points So it works out pretty well though they do get a little feisty sometimesThere were some arguments that I couldn't follow well and I don't know if that was because I was distracted or bored? or if it is a little difficult for laymen to understand I still own it and plan on reading through it again because the baptism discussion really hits home for me

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Baptism Three ViewsThe Christian church confesses one baptism But the church's answers to how whom and when to baptize and even what it means or does are famously varied This book provides a forum for thoughtful proponents of three principal evangelical views to state their case respond to In this multi view book we have three views presented 1 Believer's Baptism credobaptism credo being from the Latin for I believe presented by Dr Bruce Ware professor of Christian Theology at The Southern Baptist Seminary in Louisville Kentucky; 2 Infant Baptism paedobaptism paidos from the Greek for child presented by Dr Sinclair Ferguson the Senior Minister at First Presbyterian Church in Columbia South Carolina and professor of systematic theology at Redeemer Seminary in Dallas Texas; and 3 The Dual Practice Baptism View presented by Dr Anthony N S Lane professor of historical theology at London School of Theology in Northwood England The book was edited by David F Wright 1937 2008 professor of patristic and Reformation Christianity at New College University of Edinburgh Scotland and after his death in 2008 by Daniel G Reid the senior editor for reference and academic books at IVP AcademicThe structure of the book is that each scholar gives his argument for his own position using biblical theological and historical support After each presentation the other two author's counter and the presenter responds to the two counter arguments Such is the case for each presentation1 Bruce Ware argues for credobaptism only those who have already become believers in Christ should be baptized and that this baptism should be by immersion in water In his biblical defense of believers' baptism he gives an abundance of linguistic and contextual support for baptism by immersion from the New Testament NT from this point on He then shows that every clear instance of baptism in the NT relates to the baptism of those who have repented of sin and come to faith in Christ In this section he highlights and discusses eleven passages from the book of Acts where Luke presents a clear and unambiguous depiction of baptism as being performed only on believers Next he shows the absence of non believers' baptism in the NT He then presents a case against infant baptism from its absence in the NTIn the theological section of his essay he gives a thorough presentation of the meaning of the new covenant and what remains the same and what has changed from the OT to the NT He writes If the NT writers genuinely saw a parallel between physical circumcision and infant baptism it is utterly remarkable that they never said so in the NTAs I endeavor to explain the fact that circumcision functioned at two levels both for the ethnic and national people of Israel and for the spiritual reality of being separated unto God indicates that the sign and seal of baptism simply is not meant to be seen as parallel to circumcisionThat is not to deny any relation between circumcision and baptism Where circumcision and baptism are parallel is exactly where Colossians 211 12 see them as parallel namely in the spiritual reality to which each of them pointsIn short the parallel between circumcision and baptism in the new covenant is not between physical circumcision and infant baptism; rather the parallel is between spiritual circumcision of the heart and baptism which signifies regeneration faith and union with ChristSo then since only the actual spiritual reality is in view when one is baptized the sign and seal of baptism relates only to those who have experienced this spiritual reality that is to believers in Jesus Christ The new covenant encompasses only those who know the Lord those who have been united with Christ those in whom the Spirit has come to dwell through faith As such baptism the sign and seal of this reality ie not of the promise but of the reality itself applies rightly only to believers in Jesus ChristOne of the most interesting uotes from the historical arguments in his essay comes from a passage in Justin's Apology uoted in Stander and Louw on what was reuired by a person before he was accepted for baptism in the early church 100 165 AD firstly the person had to believe in the truth of the Christian doctrine; secondly he had to undertake to live accordingly; thirdly the baptismal candidate had to undergo a period of devotion and fasting in which he had to reuest God to forgive all his past sinsSince only mature persons could satisfy these preconditions it undoubtedly excludes the possibility that infants were involved in these activities Examples like this one show that infant baptism did not develop in any significant way until the fourth centuryDr Ware concludes his essay giving two practical ramifications that believers' baptism provides for the health and well being of the church First the practice of credobaptism has the potential of providing a young Christian a wonderful and sacred opportunity to certify personally and testify publicly of his own identity now as a follower of ChristSecond the practice of credobaptism grounds the regenerate membership of the churchIf membership in the new covenant and hence in the church comes via infant baptism yet salvation comes only by faith then it follows that paedobaptist churches are necessarily afflicted with the problem of a potentially significant number of unregenerate church members2 Sinclair Ferguson argues for paedobaptism baptism is the sign and seal of the new covenant work of Christ and is analogous to circumcision which was the sign of the old covenant of Israel The biblical continuity between the covenants demands that infants of believers be baptized in addition to those who come to Christ at any age The mode of baptism is not at issue Dr Ferguson's essay traces the evidence for infant baptism starting with the historical evidence from the post apostolic period onward; then provides a biblical and theological perspective redemptive historical Lastly he draws some conclusions about the baptism of the infants of believersIn the first part of his essay Ferguson draws upon a snapshot of instances where infant baptism is practiced by the early church a records of mortality some dating back to the turn of the third century; b works of theology Origen Tertullian Cyprian of Carthage refer to infant baptism in their writings; c evidence from liturgy compiled by Hippolytus of Rome d ca AD 236 It's interesting that none of these practices give a theological reason for the practice of infant baptismFerguson writes Was the title to baptism of these children grounded in either 1 the faith of their parentssponsors? which would be somewhat akin as we shall see to a covenantal approach to infant baptism or 2 was the confession of the parentssponsors viewed as an expression of the 'faith' of the infants themselves? which would be in keeping with the wording of later inscriptions describing the deceased infant as being 'made a believer' at the point of baptismIn the second part of the essay Ferguson discusses the importance of covenant signs in the Bible a Noahic covenant the sign of the rainbow Gen 912 16; b Abrahamic covenant the sign of circumcision Gen 1711; and c Mosaic covenant the Sabbath day Ex 3116 17 Ferguson comments In their own context each of these covenant signs pointed forward to a fulfillment in the new covenant in ChristThis background shows that the physical signs of baptism and the Lord's Supper which Jesus instituted belong to a larger pattern and should be interpreted in the light of this biblical theological tradition Baptism cannot be fully understood abstracted from this matrixFerguson gives the following definition of baptism from the Westminster Confession of Faith Baptism and all the biblical sacraments are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace immediately instituted by God to represent Christ and his benefits; and to confirm our interest in Him as also to put visible difference between those that belong unto the Church and the rest of the world; and solemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ according to his WordThen Ferguson explains how the sign of circumcision in the Old Covenant is transferred to baptism in the New Covenant Baptism functions in relationship to the new covenant in Christ in a manner analogous to the function of circumcision in the Abrahamic covenant In a word baptism has the same symbolic significance in relationship to fellowship with God as did circumcisionBaptism signifies all that is in Christ for us; it points us to all that he will do in us and all that we are to become in himBaptism is not primarily a sign and seal of faith but to faithIn Ferguson's biblical theological defense of infant baptism he grapples with the following issues a how circumcision is fulfilled in Christ for the nations; b how union with Christ is expressed in baptism; c the baptism of Christ and what it means for us; d how baptism expresses the fellowship of God within the Trinity; e how baptism functions as a sign and seal; f divergent views of infant baptism contrasting the catholic view and subjectivist view Protestant; g How baptism signifies and seals the covenant of grace; h the covenant principle and practice of infant baptism; i the harmony of paedobaptism with the New Testament mindset; j the implications of baptism3 Anthony Lane argues for the dual practice view affirms both adult or convert baptism and either paedobaptism or adult baptism as legitimate options for those born into a Christian homeHe begins his essay by sharing his experiences the only one of the author's to share his personal baptism experience of being baptized in the Anglican church at the age of three as well as being a part of baptistic churches for the past thirty years He writes At a later stage I read George Beasley Murray's Baptism in the N