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kindle ↠ Zhou Enlai The Last Perfect Revolutionary The Last Perfect Revolutionary » eyltransferservices ´ [PDF / Epub] ☆ Zhou Enlai: The Last Perfect Revolutionary By Join or create book clubs – Eyltransferservices.co.uk Zhou Enlai the premier of the PeZhou Enlai the premier of the People's Republic of China from 1949 until his death in 1976 is the last Communist political leader to be revered by the Chinese people He is considered a modern saint who offered protection to his people during the Cultural Revolution; an admirable figure in an otherwise traumatic and bloody era Works about Zhou in China are heavily censored and every hint of criticism is removed so when Gao Wenian first published this groundbreaking provocative biography in Hong Kong it was immediately banned in the People's Republic Using classified documents spirited out of China Gao Wenian offers an objective human portrait of the real Zhou a man who lived his life at the heart of Chinese politics for fifty years who survived both the Long March and the Cultural Revolution not thanks to ideological or personal purity but because he was artful crafty and politically supple He may have had the looks of a matinee idol and Nixon may have called him the greatest statesman of our era but Zhou's greatest gift was to survive at almost any price thanks to his acute understanding of where political power resided at any one time Livro muito interessante ao descrever o cenário ue levou os comunistas ao poder na China destacando a relação do regime chinês com seu euivalente soviético Ponto negativo é a tradução certos trechos do livro tem construção um tanto confusa Recomendo a leitura com certeza

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Zhou Enlai the premier of the People's Republic of China from 1949 until his death in 1976 is the last Communist political leader to be revered by the Chinese people He is considered a modern saint who offered protection to his people during the Cultural Revolution; an admirable figure in an otherwise traumatic and bloody era Works about Zhou in China are heavily censored and every hint of criticism is removed so when Gao Wenian first published this groundbreaking provocative biography in Hong Kong it was immediately banned in the People's Republic Using classified documents spirited out of China Gao Wenian offers an objective human portrait of the real Zhou a man who lived his life at the heart of Chinese politics for fifty years who survived both the Long March and the Cultural Revolution not thanks to ideological or personal purity but because he was artful crafty and politically supple He may have had the looks of a matinee idol and Nixon may have called him the greatest statesman of our era but Zhou's greatest gift was to survive at almost any price thanks to his acute understanding of where political power resided at any one time A good read on a monumental figure of the 20th century The book does give conclusions and make assumptions without citing sources I realize that material is difficult to come by but ascribing a specific motivation to an action without telling us how that assumption is made leaves some doubt Zhou was the pragmatist that made the trains run on time leaving Mao to spin political intrigue and work the ideological front in many instances to Zhou's detriment That dynamic continued even while Zhou was on his deathbed If you think American politics can be unforgiving pick up this book and see what unforgiving really looks like

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Zhou Enlai The Last Perfect RevolutionaryZhou Enlai the premier of the People's Republic of China from 1949 until his death in 1976 is the last Communist political leader to be revered by the Chinese people He is considered a modern saint who offered protection to his people during the Cultural Revolution; an admirable figure in an otherwise traumatic and bloody era Works about Zhou in China are heavily censored and every hint of criticism is removed so when Gao Wenian first published this groundbreaking provocative biography in Hong Kong it was immediately banned in the People's Republic Using classified documents spirited out of China Gao Wenian offers an objective human portrait of the real Zhou a man who lived his life at the heart of Chinese politics for fifty years who survived both the Long March and the Cultural Revolution not thanks to ideological or personal purity but because he was artful crafty and politically supple He may have had the looks of a matinee idol and Nixon may have called him the greatest statesman of our era but Zhou's greatest gift was to survive at almost any price thanks to his acute understanding of where political power resided at any one time 'Zhou Enlai The Last Perfect Revolutionary' is a book written by Gao Wenian which focuses on the complicated interweaving love hate relationship between Chairman Mao Zedong and Premier Zhou Enlai after the Communist Party assumed power in China in 1949 Zhou lived those years in the shadow of Chairman Mao performing tireless like a compliant docile daughter in law the tasks that his master assigned to him page 63Mao and Zhou led a complementary working relationship Zhou was seen to be a smooth operator who knew how to handle people; he also had a knack for organization and a good eye for detailWhereas Mao was a man of immense talent but he could not run the entire show by himself He needed Zhou Enlai to perform the taskpage 88Throughout the decades to come and until the waning days of Zhou Mao was plagued by this paradoxical relationship He had to keep Zhou at bay to prevent him from ever again gaining the upper hand; at the same time he had to depend on Zhou to run the day to day affair of governing the countryMao Zedong was a man known to be of jealous unpredictable and vindictive in nature He harboured bitter grudges against all those who had either criticized him or out performed himStarting in the late 1950s Mao launched his program of reform under the title of Three Red Banners with the aim of transforming the Chinese society But it turned into a mass starvation of an estimated twenty million Chinese peasants Liu ShaoiMao's heir apparent came to his rescue by devising an economic readjustment to remedy the blunders made by Mao HoweverMao himself would never admit it as a failureIn the spring and summer of 1966 a huge tidal wave of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution swept China under the pretext of preserving the purity of Chinese Socialism In effect it was a social movement engineered by Mao to take revenge and purge Liu ShaoiDeng Xiaoping Peng Zhen and all the other old cadres who were closely associated with LiuAlthough Zhou concurred with the economic policy expounded by Liu he took a different view to protect himself and safeguard his position as the premier of China He had to toe the line and support Chairman Mao's Cultural Revolution which had created great chaos under heavenBy doing this Zhou had perfected the art of walking the political tightrope By avoiding direct confrontation with the Chairman he could survive the political onslaught and rendered himself the means to protect the other victims of the Cultural RevolutionThe following were the steps he took Some were allowed to leave their homes temporarily; others were sent to People's Liberation Army hospital 301 on sick leave;others still were sent out of town to recuperate; and some were provided with public security guards who were stationed in front of their homes with orders to persuade the marauding Red Guards to spare thempage 135In reality Zhou Enlai was fully aware of the double role he was playing in the Cultural Revolution On one hand he knew Mao was dragging the country toward unprecedented chaos and disaster and yet he had to be submissive to the Chairman On the other hand his personal conscience urged him to do whatever he could to save the country and the people Somehow he was trying to achieve a psychological balance between what was rapidly becoming two diametrically opposing commitmentsIn later years Zhou came under considerable fire for being too submissive and exhibiting an excessive desire to please Chairman Mao His critics insisted that Zhou encouraged Mao in his madness by yielding to the Chairman time after time and that by following him he too was responsible for the disaster that befell ChinaWhen Deng Xiaoping was examining the role Zhou Enlai had played in the Cultural Revolution he noted Without the premier the Cultural Revolution would have been much worse And without the premier the Cultural Revolution wouldn't have dragged on for such a long time page162For Zhou Enlai he had long realized that if he antagonized Chairman Mao it would be a form of political suicide He believed that as long as he remained in the inner circle of the power that be his presence could make some difference Someone had to hold the fort and maintain a semblance of order while turbulence spread throughout the country As long as he remained as the premier he still had the chance to chart the course which the country would be heading Indeed in January 1975 in a decisive speech to the Fourth National People's Congress Zhou outlined a new directive known as Four Modernizations as a blue print for Deng Xiaoping to implement From 1978 onwards Deng emerged as China's paramount leader He moved China towards the goals of wealth and power which were all along Zhou Enlai's dream and that of most of the China's Communist Party leaders Today the world may remember Deng as the architect of Modern China but we may not be aware that it was Zhou who had lent Deng a helping hand