Free download The Emotions: Outline of a Theory æ PDF eBook or Kindle ePUB free

Free read The Emotions: Outline of a Theory

Free download The Emotions: Outline of a Theory æ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ì [Reading] ➻ The Emotions: Outline of a Theory By Join or create book clubs – One of the leading twentieth century French existentialist philosophers examines how human emotions shaRole emotions play in the human psyche Sartre analyzes fear lust anguish and melancholy while The Emotions PDF or asserting that human beings begin to develop emotional capabilities from a very early age which helps them identify and understa. Excellent

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One of the leading twentieth century French existentialist Outline of Kindle #207 philosophers examines how human emotions shape our existence In The Emotions Outline of a Theory French philosopher Jean Paul Sartre attempts to understand the. He wrote this work before Being and Nothingness It is a little vague because still adheres to Husserl and Heidegger Psychology is not his forte I like the book He explains anger well But the magical notion of the emotions goes on to indicate that Sartre seems to think that emotions are fake

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The Emotions Outline of a TheoryNd the emotions names and ualities later in life Helping to complete the circle of Sartres many theories on existentialism this vital piece of literature is a must have Emotions Outline of Epub #217 for the philosopher in trainings collection. Jean Paul Sartre 1905 1980 was a French existentialist philosopher playwright novelist and political activist who wrote many other books such as Being and Nothingness The Transcendence of the Ego Search for a Method Critiue of Dialectical Reason The Psychology of the Imagination Between Existentialism and Marxism etcNOTE page numbers below refer to the 94 page hardcover editionHe wrote in the Introduction to this 1939 book “Applied to a particular example the study of the emotions for example what will the principles and the methods of the psychologist give us First of all our knowledge of the emotion will be added FROM WITHOUT to other knowledge about the physical being The emotion will present itself as an irreducible novelty in relation to the phenomena of attention memory perception etc You can indeed inspect these phenomena and the empirical notion of them we build following the psychologists; you can turn them about again and again as you please and you will not discover the slightest essential connection with emotion All the same the psychologist grants that man has emotions because experience teaches him so” Pg 6 7He says “The task of a phenomenologist therefore will be to study the signification of emotion What are we to understand by that We shall not first lose ourselves in the study of physiological facts precisely because taken by themselves and in isolation they signify almost nothing They are that’s all But on the contrary we shall try by developing the signification of behavior and of the affected consciousness to make explicit the thing which is signified” Pg 16 17He summarizes “We have now arrived at a functional conception of anger Anger is an abrupt solution of a conflict Being unable in the state of high tension the find the delicate and precise solution of a problem we act upon ourselves we lower ourselves and we transfer ourselves into the kind of being who is satisfied with crude and less well adapted solutions Thus anger appears here as an escape” Pg 36 37 Later he adds “Therefore there is a single process namely transformation of form But I cannot understand this transformation without first supposing consciousness which alone by its synthetic activity can break and reconstitute forms ceaselessly It alone can account for the finality of emotion” Pg 39 40He observes “Insofar as consciousness MAKES ITSELF it is never anything but what it appears to be Therefore if it possesses a signification it should contain it in itself as a structure of consciousness we should not examine consciousness from without as one examines the traces of the fire or the encampment but from within that one should find signification IN IT If the cogito is to be possible consciousness is itself the FACT the SIGNIFICATION and the THING SIGNIFIED” Pg 46 He continues “a theory of emotions which insists on the signifying character of emotive facts should seek this signification in consciousness itself In other words it is consciousness which makes itself consciousness being moved to do so by the needs of an inner signification” Pg 48 49He says “At present we can conceive of what an emotion is It is a transformation of the world When the paths traced out become too difficult or when we see no path we can no longer live in so urgent and difficult a world All the ways are barred However we must act So we try to change the world that is to live as if the connection between things and their potentialities were not ruled by deterministic processes but by magic this attempt is not conscious of being such Before anything else it is the seizure of new connections and new exigencies The seizure of an object being impossible or giving rise to a tension which cannot be sustained consciousness simply seizes it or tries to seize it otherwise” Pg 58 59 He continues “In short in emotion it is the body which directed by consciousness changes its relations with the world in order that the world may change its ualities” Pg 61He contends “Thus the true meaning of fear is apparent; it is a consciousness which through magical behavior aims at denying an object of the external world and which will go so far as to annihilate itself in order to annihilate the object with it Sadness aims at eliminating the obligation to seek new ways to transform the structure of the world by a totally undifferentiated structure it is a uestion of making of the world an affectively neutral reality” Pg 64 65 He concludes “the few examples we have just cited are far from exhausting the variety of emotions There can be many other kinds of fear many other kinds of sadness We merely state that they all are tantamount to setting up a magical world by using the body as a means of incantation” Pg 70He argues “emotion is a phenomenon of belief Consciousness does not limit itself to projecting affective signification upon the world around it It LIVES the new world which it has just established This signifies that when with all paths blocked consciousness precipitates itself into the magical world of emotion it does so by degrading itself; it is a new consciousness facing the new world and it establishes this new world with the deepest and most inward part of itself with this point of view on the world present to itself without distance The consciousness which is roused rather resembles the consciousness which is asleep In other words consciousness changes the body or if you like the body as a point of view on the universe immediately inherent in consciousness puts itself on the level of behavior” Pg 75 76He summarizes “Thus the origin of emotion is a spontaneous and lived degradation of consciousness in the face of the world What it cannot endure in one way it tries to grasp in another by going to sleep by approaching the consciousness of sleep dream and hysteria And the disturbance of the body is nothing other than the lived belief of consciousness insofar as it is seen from the outside” Pg 77 He concludes “we hope that we have managed to show that a psychic fact like emotion which is usually held to be a lawless disorder has a proper signification and cannot be grasped in itself without the understanding of this signification” Pg 92 93This relatively brief book is one of the studies which led up to Sartre’s major work ‘B