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Franco A Personal and Political Biography kindle Ô A Personal and Political Biography ¿ eyltransferservices » [Reading] ➷ Franco: A Personal and Political Biography By Join or create book clubs – General Francisco Franco 189General Francisco Franco 1892–1975 ruler of Spain for nearly forty years was one of the most powerful and controversial leaders in that nation's long history This deeply researched biography treats the three major aspects of his life―personal military and political It depicts his early life explains his career and rise to prominence as an arm In reviewing this book co written by Stanley Payne and Jesús Palacios I will attempt to answer two basic uestions that I think most people want the answers to 1 should a student of the history of Spain in the 20th century read this book and place it in his library? And 2 why or why not?The answer to the first uestion is a resounding yes Franco marks the culmination of the brilliant career of Stanley Payne the dean of English speaking historians of modern Spain This is an indispensable workNow why?Firstly because it needed doing Paul Preston in his ponderous tedious and ill mannered biography of Franco simply did not get the job done Writing about Franco in a way that adds something useful to the conversation about him reuires hard work patience and thoughtful analysis the sort of ualities all great scholars have It says something that Preston's bloated and crammed work merits a mere single mention in Payne’s notes and a courtesy one at that chapter 3 note 10Before I continue I think it important to point out that Payne at least in his English language books is the sole author We will have to take Palacios at his word ie his name as co author that he agrees with Payne's conclusions Still I will refer to Payne only as this work represents several decades of thought reflection and analysis on Franco No disrespect is intended toward PalaciosSecondly the sources marshaled include personal interviews Payne conducted in 1958 and 1959 as well as interviews with Franco's daughter in 2008 And this is one of the key elements of this book Franco was a very private stoic man and Payne's interviews provide real even raw insight into Franco the man Moreover most of the sources are Spanish language ones which although an impediment to someone like me who failed to apply himself adeuately in his studies of Spanish nonetheless get to the heart of the source material that mattersThirdly Payne's balanced narrative places Franco in perspective No one is one dimensional but you wouldn’t know it from most accounts of Franco’s life which offer a mere caricature of him Franco is certainly an enigma for most people and Payne has provided us a better understanding of this complex man At the same time this is not a hagiography Still there is something remarkable about Franco’s unduring sang froid in the face of major events that threatened his life his reputation and his status as leaderFourthly Payne's most enduring achievement is in placing the character of the Franco regime in the proper contexts Payne examines Franco from within the whirlwind that defined his career from his beginnings as an infantry man in Toledo and later Morocco to his later roles as general within and defender of the Republic to his decision to rebel against it and then to his decades as caudillo with all of its twists and turns at home and abroadFifthly building upon the preceding paragraph Payne points out some key points that must be raised in any discussion of the SCW Franco was in no way a fascist in the conventional sense in the 1930s Franco was not some blood thirsty dictator intent on killing anyone who fought against the victorious side Indeed his regime's repression was meek and diminished with each year following 1939 Compared with other regimes faced with similar conflicts democratic Communist conservative Franco's repression was mild by comparisonSixthly Payne does an excellent job explaining how the very thing that brought Spain into the modern world also led to the undoing of the conservative society he sought to maintain Tourism which brought needed hard currency to Spain after the SCW also led to the encroachment of liberal Western values The implosion of the Catholic Church following the disastrous Second Vatican Council which concluded in 1965 undermined the very vision of society and Church Franco fought to restore On his deathbed Franco seemed to sense that change was in the air One hopes that he never imagined the betrayal of Juan Carlos the man in whom he had placed so much trust as future king of Spain and whose multiple promises to adhere to the basic laws of the Franco regime were later revealed as liesSeventhly Payne reiterates his previous observations which stand as a sorely needed corrective to leftist lies that the Left had given up on democracy almost as soon as the Republic was established; that the Left in no way governed responsibly to respect the wishes of at least half of Spain; that the Left engaged in violent means to assert or protect its political power indeed the Left committed the only murder in the history of Western democracies of the leader of the opposition Calvo Sotelo; and had Franco never been born the insurgency would have nonetheless occurred Far from instigating the rebellion against the Republic Franco was essentially dismissed by the Right in the final weeks leading to the revolt due to his failure to commit The murder of Calvo pushed him to join the revoltEighthly Payne is brilliant in pointing out the lie of the century namely Guernica Not only was Guernica a legitimate target a finding endorsed by the UN Payne presents other bombing atrocities by the Left that somehow never find their way in other booksDespite having written an excellent book called Spanish Catholicism in which he showed a real understanding of Catholicism and its role in Spain's history and culture Payne is too critical of the Church’s response to the civil war in my opinion It does not seem like a failure to me that the Church should side with Franco who was saving priests and religious from slaughter by the Left To be fair he does point out in earlier works that the slaughter of priests by the Left was the worst since Roman times even worse than the French RevolutionEach of Payne’s books has a similar logic in terms of how they are structured Titles of chapters capture the essence of the narrative within His writing is clear and calm and easy to follow with no words wasted Each chapter ends with a pithy summary Notes freuently contain additional information beyond citing the sourceI recommend this book for anyone who is interested in Franco The beginner will get a broad overview and the veteran student will appreciate the scholarship and wisdom from a giant in his fieldGet this book

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Ranco's role in the great repression that accompanied the Civil War―resulting in tens of thousands of executions―and examine at length his controversial role in World War II This masterful biography highlights Franco's metamorphoses and adaptations to retain power as politics culture and economics shifted in the four decades of his dictatorsh Please note that what you will receive from a University of Wisconsin Press is like bound printout of some document than a book as you would expect for 25 Euro so really disappointed Book cover has no name of writer or publisher or pretty much anything beside book title on binder and pages and text also look as they come strait from office printer and not professional printing office All together this 'book' is well below standards that one should expect and look as being produced in someone's back office after working hours Please note that his review does not reflect on content of the book which I have not red yet but to its outside appearance and print uality

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Franco A Personal and Political BiographyY officer who became Europe's youngest interwar brigadier general in 1926 and then discusses his role in the affairs of the troubled Second Spanish RepublicStanley G Payne and Jesús Palacios examine in detail how Franco became dictator and how his leadership led to victory in the Spanish Civil War that consolidated his regime They also explore F Franco was not an image guy He was a short pudgy man who was a stickler for rules a devout Catholic and devoted to his wife and daughter He came to power with the help of Hitler and Mussolini allegedly to stop Spain from being taken over by Communism One of the most interesting parts was how he managed to keep Spain out of World War II in spite of pressure from both the Axis and the Allies He continued to rule Spain many years after Hitler and Mussolini were dead He was indeed a dictator used violence as all dictators do and limited freedoms that Americans take for granted I visited Spain under Franco and Czechoslovakia under Communism a year later It was kind of creepy in Spain seeing the Guardia Civil walking around town with machine guns but it was nowhere near as scary and depressing as Czechoslovakia