DOC Û READER The Future of Freedom

EBOOK Û Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad ã Fareed Zakaria

Y within your business The future of professional football German fans Sports The future of professional football German fans present concepts for reform Unsustainable finances and an increasing gulf between rich and poor; the coronavirus crisis has exposed deep The future of citizen data systems GOVUK The future of citizen data systems Foresight report examining different approaches to the governance control and use of citizen data across the world and future trends Published September What the Future of Restaurants Might Look Like months ago The Future of Our Food Supply July PM EDT months ago Not All Restaurants Are in a Rush to Reopen Their Dining Rooms July AM EDT Human Capital Prop puts the ‘future of labor’ at “The future of labor is at stake” Bain told us earlier this week “I would argue the future of our democracy as well The reality is that you know it establishes a dangerous precedent to THE GREENHOUSE OF THE FUTURE LA SERRE DU FUTUR THE GREENHOUSE OF THE FUTURE Learn how to build a passive solar greenhouse from recycled tires to grow your own food and save on your electricity bills Apprenez construire une serre solaire passive avec des pneus recycls et The Post Pandemic Future of Trader Joe’s Looks The Future of Trader Joe’s Looks Bumpy Recent criticisms haven’t hurt the popular grocer Post pandemic shopping habits might By Andrea Felsted and Sarah Halzack August NET Core is the Future ofNET |NET Blog Core is where future investments inNET will happen Existing application s are safe to remain onNET Framework which will be supported Existing applications that want to take advantage of the new features inNET should consider moving toNET Core As we plan into the future we will be bringing in even capabilities to the platfo I've always been impressed with Zakaria whenever he's on TV as a commentatorpundit this book only confirmed what a deep thinker he is His basic premise is that democracy in and of itself is not sufficient to promote freedom liberty but that it must be paired with constitutional liberalism in the classic sense of the word He shows how many countries that have some elements of constitutional liberalism but not direct election democracy are better off than countries that lack those elements but have democractic elections In other words he is saying that giving people the right to vote isn't enough and in fact it can promote unhealthy populism that is actually harmful to a government and its country The book also contains an Afterword that has allowed him to update it based on what has happened in Ira over the last several years While this is insightful I think a whole new edition of the book would be even better Definitely a must read for anyone interested in world politics

DOC The Future of Freedom

The Future of Freedom Illiberal Democracy at Home and AbroadFuture of HR Future of HR I Septembre I Save the Date Dcouvrez un panorama des tendances et innovations pour la fonction RH en partenariat exclusif avec Deloitte The Future Of podcast | ATB Financial Connecting the future the economy and the community Crystal balls that accurately depict what the future holds are in short supply But we can still get a good sense of where things are and should be heading by talking to people tasked to lead their organization through the fog and come out the other side successfully and with clarity The Future of Freight Looking Ahead The Future of Freight is a collaboration between FreightWaves and Convoy to highlight the businesses and individuals who are leading this change Here you’ll find stories about supply chain professionals who are modernizing their operations the technologies enabling the change and best practices you can apply within your business The future of professional football German fans Sports The future of professional football German fans present concepts for reform Unsustainable finances and an increasing gulf between rich and poor; the coronavirus crisis has exposed deep The future of citizen data systems GOVUK The future of citizen data systems Foresight report examining different approaches to the governance control and use of citizen data across the world and future trends Published September What the Future of Restaurants Might Look Like months ago The Future of Our Food Supply July PM EDT months ago Not All Restaurants Are in a Rush to Reopen Their Dining Rooms July AM EDT Human Capital Prop puts the ‘future of labor’ “The future of labor is at stake” Bain told us earlier this week “I would argue the future of our democracy as well The reality is that you know it establishes a Zakaria points out that there is a difference between democracy and constitutional liberalism that Western people take for granted because we assume that they are one and the same While democracy refers to government elected by the majority of its people constitutional liberalism refers to the rule of law separation of powers instituional check and balances and most importantly individual rightsThe History of Human LibertyThe basic gist is the decentralization of power in favor of human liberty for the masses This occurred first in Rome in creating the rule of law then the split between the powers of church and state in which Constantine left Rome and the Pope behind Next comes the rights of nobles versus the monarch which is best exemplified in the Magna Carta Next comes the Protestant Reformation and the rejection of a formal clergy in favor of personal biblical interpretation Finally the role of the yeoman class in England which later morphed into the middle class that had to have their property rights protected by law Thus establishing the rule of law as an important aspect for liberty and capitalism Also another thesis that is interesting in his first chapter is that constitutional liberalism and capitalism are prereuisites for a Western type democracy That is you cannot have a true democracy without a middle class and the rule of law This can be seen in the dictatorship that beset third world countries though their leaders are democratically elected ie Venanzuela Also in the Palestinian territories Hamas was elected into power democratically but their government is not recognized by Israel or the US Growing pains of the Constitutional Liberal DemocracyOne thing that he points out again is how constitutional liberalism is sometimes at odds with Democracy He states conservative ultra nationalistic elements in society occasionally use fear tactics and divisive politics as a means to get democratically elected The target audience of these movements are the working class people and work on the assumption that there are enemies from without and from within Once elected they spend on defense and limit civil liberties freedoms anti immigration and separation of powers He states this is how Hitler took power in Germany and to a certain extent one can see this today in the tea party movement One can also state that W's politics was of this nature although he was decidedly pro immigrationAnother thing that Zakaria points out the importance of constitutional liberal democracy is that it has a mc independent of the state This was the issue with continental Europe pre WWII the mc class was dependent on the state and its bureaucracy for its wealth instead of being purely independent of it As with Thomas Friedman's thesis Zakaria also points out that natural resource rich states are the least democratic oil rich countries of the middle east because the state does not depend on its population for its wealth He states that taxation and representation go hand in hand That is the richer its population capitalism the healthier the states coffers are and also since the state needs its population wealth to thrive then it needs to be responsive to its needs and demands democracy It is interesting to note that he states the greatest predictor of whether or not a countries democracy will survive and thrive is its GDP per capita The higher the GDP per capita of a country the it thrives as a constitutional liberal democracy The good news is this means that there is hope for Communist China since they are or less ruled by the rule of law as well as they are becoming and capitalistic My personal view is once the majority of people in China become middle class they will become a western democracy The bigger uestion for the US is what does it do once China becomes a fully democratic country mirroring the US and its true potential of its country is realized In terms of the policies of today and America's future in competing with other countries who is right? Should the US strengthen its mc by cutting taxes and allowing businesses to grow in the here and now Republican view point or should the US invest in its future through researchdevelopmenteducation and updating its infrastructure so that future mc people can take full advantage of the resources available to them Obama Democrats? What does either one of these growth strategies for mc mean to the US deficit? Is Cheney right in saying that Reagan administration proved that deficit does not matter? Or will deficit become important because the world will no longer lend us money because we will default on our debts and if so how will that impact American government and that of its people?The rise of Illiberal DemocracyZakaria states that a solid middle class and solid democratic institutions such as one that observes the law blindly as well as political parties need to precede democracy in order for it to become a western style democracy Without these two important pillars democacy descends into popular autocratic regimes original French Revolution Russia Venezuela of the worlds that cater to sectarian demagoguary for its power base Zakaria favors China's model of slow reform that liberalizes the economy first in order to have a growing middle class and then establishment of laws and the institution of the rule of law next to protect the rights of the middle class rather than a straight jump to democracy So he favors liberal autocrats enlightened autocrats to illiberal democracies because consitutional liberalism ensures that democracy becomes permanent whereas illiberal democracies lead to dictatorship or oligarch rule Bush's experiment in Democracy in Ira brings this seeming abstraction into reality The uestion remains does removing Saddam Hussein from power usher a democratic oasis in the middle east? True enough Hussein was not a liberal autocrat that is he was in power to enrich himself only So removing him at the head of the country would be a good first step but does Ira have strong democratic institutions? No Does it have a strong middle class indepedent of the state? According to Zakaria there is a significant middle class but whether or not it is independent of the state is another matter It does have large reserve of natural resource oil so the state could survive without taxation and as a result without representation by the people it governs He prefers to place the oil revenues into a int'l trust instead of transfering it to Irai control so the money will be spent on building a strong educated middle class instead of it going towards the heads of state and his crony oligarchs He states that the trend in illiberal society with multi ethnic divisions with newly acuired democracy is for the majority to trample on the minority in its worst case scenario via ethnic cleansing or if sectarian violence The uestion remains will Ira be the exception to the rule in which democracy will usher a new reign of constitutional liberalism or did we just place Ira in a possible uagmire of secterian civil war andor exchange one autocrat for another autocrat? So the real uestion is will this democracy last?Dysfunctional Middle Eastern governmentsZakaria rejects the notion that Islam is inherently incompatible with western democracy He cites the predominant Islamic countries of Turkey Pakistan Indonesia and Bagledesh as rejection of notion that Islam and democracy are incompatible He states what happened in the middle east is a special case instead of the rule of the trend toward democracy In fact he cites Nassar as the first western leader in that his government advocated Arab pan nationalism secular rule and socialism that was invogue in European countries at the time The problem was that Nassar and other middle eastern rulers became dictators instead of strengthening democratic institutions This combine with the socialistic aspect of their regime created both political and economic stagnation Because of this stagnation opposition groups propped up all over the place and these groups began rejecting Western style government In response these dictators began repressing all opposition groups against them except the Islamic religion So the only place Angry Arabs could express themselves was through Islamic institution thus gave birth of Islamist as a political movement as well as a religion Combine this with the fact that most Arab states get their revenue from oil and not from taxation thus there has been no pressure to liberalize their economy to retain control of the government Without these liberalization measure you do not a have a middle class plus you get angry young unemployed men And as we said earlier the only place these mad males can vent is through Islamic fundamentalism Since the state just spends on itself because it owes nothing to its citizenry the social services are being taken cared of by these Islamic fundamentalist groups giving them popularity in their general population Because these religious leaders are popular than the state the state supports these organizations in the hope of gaining legitimacy in the eyes of its people ie prevent a revolution So in Saudi Arabia this takes the shape of the royal family funding the madrasas that produces terrorists mind set so antagonistic to the west So the irony of all this is Americans are indirectly financing terrorist groups by buying oil from OPEC countries Also since the state fails it citizenry continuously they deflect personal criticism in favor of allowing angry masses to vent their frustration on demonizing the West and Israel For the state this allows them to stay in power and keep petro dollars in their leaders pockets instead of providing for their peopleIf this is the case I am really for energy independence from the middle east as a national security imperative By not buying oil from the middle east this will force them to liberalize their economies that will create thriving middle class Even if China and other Asian countries pick up the slack of oil purchasing at least the middle east anger will be directed at Asian countries instead of us Also we can support the IsraeliPalestinian peace process as well as demand that the Saudi's not fund these madrhasas Too much Democracy Home? The best chapter yetZakaria points to the general public discontent of today is due to the democratization of political process in which public leaders have to be full time politicians to survive in public life He points to the seventies as the seminal moment in which public discontent with government began He states that opening up Congress to see how one votes has led to special interest groups and lobbyist to target these Congress people in elections that vote against their specific interest Although this accountability on the surface seems good it makes these public leaders always consider politics for the vocal minority in their votes instead what is best for the country or constitiuents as a whole The advent of special interest and lobbyist industry has the effect in Washington of making it an impossibility to shrink government programs Republican position or shift priorities to the strategic long term needs of the country Obama Democratic positon one only needs to look at past efforts of Reagan Gingrich and the two Bushes to see this as true in their collective administration government spending has grown not shrunk even though they collectively railed against big government So the effect of democratization of politcs by transparency in the previous close session of Congress allows for the undue influence of special interest groups and lobbyist that allows politics of the minority to rule over policy instead of Congress deciding what is best for the country This particularly apparent in the Byzantine tax code in which politicians use for their favorite special interestThus are congressional politicians simply playing politics when they vote or are the votes really what they think is best for the country? Also Zakaria points to the advent of primaries as to the reason US politics has become so polarized He cites people who vote in the primaries are people who are interested on extreme conservative or liberal issues not issues that concerns America as a whole Although as a whole I think this is a better way in selecting candidates rather than old party bosses and their political machines it does give a reason to why politics have had a polarizing trend Another democratization folly is the California referendum that has caused their government to be a non entity That total democracy has created the state legislature and governor as a joke As well as the well intensioned campaign finance reform that has diffused the financing of political campaigns to PAC's with lack of transparency of who is giving and gave people who can fundraise the real power in politics today instead of the old party bosses Public leaders of today also respond to polls a lot than they once did I think due to the incesant non stop news cycle in which every move they make gets scrutanized by the opposition media It remains to be seen whether doing the right thing long term strategic interest in today's political climate can trump what is popular Obama At the risk of looking undemocratic and if Obama wants to change the tone in Washington he should target the news media and lobbyistspecial interest so Congress can actually function for the people instead of incesantly playing politics to appease the general publicLoss of Authority in societyDemocratization of FinanceSince the 1958 when Bank of America began catering to the middle class by issuing credit cards to main street America the world of finance is now catered to main street USA instead of old institutions and the very wealthy This trend continued through 70's via money market funds when people began to realize that they were losing money in savings account due to hyperinflation of the day Further democratization of finance continued through Congressional action of creating 401k's and IRA accounts as well as the discount brokerage firms that allowed anyone to be his own stock broker Further democratization of finance was through the creation of Milken's junk bonds which allowed promising small firms without an establish credit history to issue bonds to raise capital to expand in return these bonds sell for high interest rates to the buyer There have been a few companies that started out in junk bond status and have prospered such as CNN and MCIBut of course as any action or trend there has been some unintended conseuences to government deregulation and democratization of finance The biggest one of course is the default mortgage swaps that led to almost a second depression as well as the dubious mixing of commercial and investment banking that has allowed the banks to bundle peoples capital and pursue risky investments with it Another unintended conseuence is the mixing of investment research departments with the branch of company that sells them causing a conflict of interest that leads to a doubtful objectivity in its researchDemocratization of ReligionEvangelical churches have replaced mainstream protestant churches because these churches are populist and highly responsive to its congregants instead of rigid orthodoxy or the clergy Apparently Falwell used the business model to create the mega church with modern consumer amenities thus marrying religion and capitalism With the advent of Roe vs Wade the moral majority was created which became the vehicle for social conservatism thus softening the ideological divide between the different religions and coming to a shared consensus on key social issues The democratization of religion of course mirrors America's continues search for spirituality which has deemphasize the role of religious authority in favor of personal conscience Democratization of CultureZakaria laments pop culture in striving for popularity instead of uality of the cultural artifact Pop culture simply mirrors societies baser instinct to sell their goodsDemocratization of SocietyThe problem with democratization of society as Zakaria sees it is democratization leads to increase commercialization that makes businessmen of all professional The increase commercialization in every aspect of our lives leads to increase competition in the race to the top which in turn leads to increase individuality at the expense of shared responsibility for society He states that there was a time when professional adhered to rule of honor in their profession to not only make money but do what is right for society instead of commercializing their services He laments the effects of this commercializations in accountants fudging the numbers to please their clientsArthur Andersen and Enron to trial lawyers who engage in frivolous lawsuits in order to become millionaires to even doctors who do uestionable procedures to increase there bottom line Although the intense competition did lead to increase meritocracy democracy in regards to talent instead of name family or race it also has led us into an intensely individualistic culture and askews responsibility for society Apparently there was a time when people actually wanted to take care of society so government did not have to The irony between the battle of government vs individualistic capitalism is they feed off each other that is when government becomes huge people feel they are not responsible for society so they concentrate on themselves but since they obsessively concentrate on themselves they need government to take over and of civil society I think the best scenario would be for individual capitalist to take a active role in society so government does not have to One is beginning to see this in Gates Foundation as well as Zuckerbergs 250 million revamping of NJ school system I really truly believe that governments role is to be a catalyst to empower citizens to participate in creating their civil society instead of running it ConclusionSo what to do about trying to have good long term strategic policy without unnecessary special interest interference by an organized vocal minority that seems to be the bane of American democracy Zakaria favors setting up special non partisan commission to do most of the long term strategic policy making and Congress just votes on the findings to decrease the influence of special interest groups and short term politics in policy creation Obama is actually trying to do this with Medicare cost cutting commission that Congress can simply override with votes if they find the measures to be too draconian

Fareed Zakaria ã Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad TEXT

DOC Û READER The Future of Freedom ✓ ➳ [Reading] ➶ The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad By Fareed Zakaria ➩ – Eyltransferservices.co.uk Future of HR Future of HR I Septembre I Save the Date Dcouvrez un panorama des tendances et innovations pour la fonction RH en partenariat exclusif avec DeloiDangerous precedent to THE GREENHOUSE OF THE FUTURE LA SERRE DU FUTUR THE GREENHOUSE OF THE FUTURE Learn how to build a passive solar greenhouse from recycled tires to grow your own food and save on your electricity bills Apprenez construire une serre solaire passive avec des pneus recycls et The Post Pandemic Future of Trader Joe’s Looks The Future of Trader Joe’s Looks Bumpy Recent criticisms haven’t hurt the popular grocer Post pandemic shopping habits might By Andrea Felsted and Sarah Halzack August NET Core is the Future ofNET |NET Blog Core is where future investments inNET will happen Existing application s are safe to remain onNET Framework which will be supported Existing applications that want to take advantage of the new features inNET should consider moving toNET Core As we plan into the future we will be bringing in even capabilities to the platform Future of HR Future of HR I Septembre I Save the Date Dcouvrez un panorama des tendances et innovations pour la fonction RH en partenariat exclusif avec Deloitte The Future Of podcast | ATB Financial Connecting the future the economy and the community Crystal balls that accurately depict what the future holds are in short supply But we can still get a good sense of where things are and should be heading by talking to people tasked to lead their organization through the fog and come out the other side successfully and with clarity The Future of Freight Looking Ahead FreightWaves The Future of Freight is a collaboration between FreightWaves and Convoy to highlight the businesses and individuals who are leading this change Here you’ll find stories about supply chain professionals who are modernizing their operations the technologies enabling the change and best practices you can appl Like a graduate course on freedom and democracy this book teaches you challenges your knowledge opens your eyes and mind but does not give you a ready made opinion ― it invites you to elaborate your ownAnd just like a graduate course the book gets really boring sometimes; it focuses too much on meaningless details or uickly skips through important information But what's trivial for some is primordial for others and not all students readers have the same background knowledge on the subjectI definitely recommend this book